Daily Prelims Facts – 20th May 2020

Daily Prelims Facts – 20th May 2020

PRELIMINARY

LESS INVASIVE SURFACTANT ADMINISTRATION

  1. A recent medical technique, known as Less invasive surfactant administration (LISA), has been started at J.K. Lon Government Children’s Hospital in Jaipur for treatment of lung disease or respiratory distress syndrome among premature babies. 
  2. LISA has been developed as a lung protective strategy for respiratory management and ventilation in view of the mechanical ventilation causing damage to the preterm lungs of newborns.
  3. Infants considered suitable for LISA are those being managed with primary continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) or high flow with the evidence of increasing respiratory distress and with a rising oxygen requirement.
  4. The procedure, started initially for newborn children with the birth weight of less than 1,500 grams, has yielded encouraging results.
  5. The regular application of LISA would turn out to be very useful and help save the lives of premature babies.

 

ENDEMIC PALM SPECIES

  1. A rare palm endemic to the South Andaman Island is finding a second home at Thiruvananthapuram-based Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute (JNTBGRI).
  2. JNTBGRI scientists termed the Pinanga andamanensis “a critically endangered species and one of the least known among the endemic palms of the Andaman Islands”.
  3. Its entire population of some 600 specimens naturally occurs only in a tiny, evergreen forest pocket in South Andaman’s Mount Harriet National Park.
  4. By conserving the germplasm on the Indian mainland, JNTBGRI can ensure its continued survival in the event of its minuscule original home getting wiped out by a natural calamity.
  5. This elegant palm holds promise as an avenue tree for gardens, pavements and homesteads.
  6. The name is derived from ‘Penang’, the modern-day Malaysian state. Penang itself has its origins in ‘Pulau Pinang’, which means ‘Island of the Areca Nut Palm.

 

STAR RATING OF GARBAGE FREE CITIES

  1. Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs released star rating of garbage free cities for the year 2019-20.
  2. The star rating conditions have been designed in a way as to enable cities to gradually evolve into a model (7-star) city, with progressive improvements in their overall cleanliness.
  3. The star rating conditions are based on 25 key parameters across the solid waste management spectrum and has been designed to both help cities assess their progress while encouraging them to move towards a better rating thereby improving their cities’ overall cleanliness and aesthetics.
  4. 5 Star-rating is given for 6 cities for the year 2019-20; they are Ambikapur, Rajkot, Surat, Mysore,Indore and Navi Mumbai.
  5. The Ministry had given 3 star ratings to 65 cities and 1 star rating to 70 cities.
  6. None of the cities from Kerala is included in this list.
  7. The rating system was launched by the Ministry in 2018.
  8. Govt. Of India has launched Swachh Survekshan to survey cleanliness of the country, and also solid waste management has been include in the second phase of Swachh Bharat Mission.

 

HANKO

  1. Hanko is a personal stamp used in Japan that is equivalent to a signature in other countries and is an essential part of several transactions.
  2. The use of this traditional stamp can be traced back to almost two millennia when an emperor from China’s Han dynasty gave a solid gold stamp to an envoy from Japan in the year 57 AD.
  3.  Japan has been aggressively promoting a work-from-home policy.However, centuries-old practice is causing employees to go to their workplace as companies prefer to keep their registered stamp at the office premises for security reasons.

 

KALAPANI

  1. Nepal’s cabinet has endorsed a new political map showing Lipulekh, Kalapani and Limpiyadhura under its territory, amid a border dispute with India.
  2. Among the border dispute of the Indo-Nepal boundary, the most significant are in the Susta and Kalapani regions.
  3. Kalapani is a strategically important tri-junction between India, China and Nepal. 
  4. Kalapani is in the Pithoragarh district of Uttarakhand. Nepal says Kalapani is part of its Darchula district in Sudur Paschim Pradesh.
  5. The Indian side of Indo-Nepal border is regulated by Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB) along with local police. Sashastra Seema Bal is one of India’s Central Armed Police Forces. It is currently under the administrative control of the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. Prior to 2001, the force was known as the Special Service Bureau. 
  6. The Treaty of Sugauli, that established the boundary line of Nepal, was signed on 2 December 1815 and ratified by 4 March 1816 between the East India Company and King of Nepal following the Anglo-Nepalese War of 1814-16.
  7. The Sharda River, also called Kali River and Mahakali River, originates at Kalapaani in the Himalayas at an elevation of 3,600 m in the Pithoragarh district in Uttarakhand, India. It flows along Nepal’s western border with India and has a basin area of 14,871 km². It joins Ghaghra River, a tributary of the Ganges.
  8. The Gandaki River is one of the major rivers of Nepal and a left bank tributary of the Ganges in India. In Nepal, it is notable for its deep canyon through the Himalayas.

 

NATIONAL TEST ABHYAS

  1. Union Human Resource Development (HRD) Minister launched a new mobile app called the ‘National Test Abhyas’.
  2. The AI-powered mobile App has been developed by National Testing Agency (NTA) to enable candidates to take mock tests for upcoming exams such as JEE Main, NEET under the NTA’s purview.
  3. The app has been launched to facilitate candidates’ access to high quality mock tests in their homes since there was a demand for making up the loss to students due to closure of educational institutions and NTA’s Test-Practice Centers (TPCs) due to the continuing lockdown.

 

DIRECT FACTS:

  1. World Bee Day – May 20

 Theme of 2020 World Bee Day – “save the Bees”

 20 th May is observed because, 20 May coincides with the birthday of Anton Janša, who in the 18th century pioneered modern beekeeping techniques in his native Slovenia and praised the bees for their ability to work so hard, while needing so little attention.

  1. In Madhya Pradesh, in a first of its kind of initiative, Charan Paduka campaign has been started for the migrant labourers passing through the state. Under this campaign, the migrant labourers going barefoot are being providing shoes and slippers to reduce their pain. The most notable thing is that this campaign is being conducted by the police at most places.
  2. Area where India and Nepal having border dispute controversy which came into the light recently – Kalapani

 

TODAY IN HISTORY

  1. Saint Kabir was born – 20 May 1399
  2. Admiral Dom Vasco-da-Gama (c.1469-1524)-I, Count of Vidigueira, met the Jamerin of Calicut after arriving in India three days ago at Malabar Coast. He was joined by an experienced Gujarati pilot at Malindi. He was the 6th Governor and 2nd Viceroy of India – 20 May 1498
  3. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj won the fort of Jingi – 20 May 1677
  4. Malharrao Holkar, founder of Indoor, passed away – 20 May 1766
  5. Vishnushastri Chiplunkar, father of modern story writing in Marathi, was born – 20 May 1850
  6. Krishnashastri Chiplunkar, Marathi novelist and omnicent, passed away – 20 May 1878
  7. Gandhiji founded Satyagraha Ashram (later known as Sabarmati Ashram after the name of the river) at Ahmedabad – 20 May 1915
  8. Bipinchandra Ramchandra Pal, powerful journalist and revolutionary freedom fighter, passed away. He was amongst the trio which was known as “Lal – Bal – Pal” during the freedom struggle. He started a newspaper called “Swaraj” for the Indians in England. He also edited several other newspapers like “Tribune”, “New India”, “Vande Mataram”, “Swaraj”, “Hindu Review”, “Democrat”, “Independent Bengali”, etc. – 20 May 1932
  9. Under the leadership of Commander M. S. Kohli, Indian Trackers conquered Mount Everest. Captain A. S. Chima and Sherpa Nawang Gombu were the first to reach the summit – 20 May 1965
  10. Oil production started from Bombay High – 20 May 1976
  11. Third developmental launch of ASLV. Stretched Rohini Satellite Series (SROSS-C). Launched by third developmental flight of ASLV-D3. This carried Gamma Ray astronomy and aeronomy payload – 20 May 1992
  12. ndian ship rescues over 2000 Indian nationals trapped in the embattled Yemen’s port city of Aden – 20 May 1994