Daily Prelims Facts – 23rd May 2020

Daily Prelims Facts – 23rd May 2020

PRELIMINARY

SWEET REVOLUTION AND ATMA NIRBHAR BHARAT

  1. A webinar organised by the National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC) regarding bee-keeping and Honey production, on the theme “Sweet Revolution and Atma Nirbhar Bharat” in partnership with the National Bee Board.
  2. The objective of the welfare was to popularize scientific beekeeping as source of livelihood for landless rural poor, small and marginal famers to supplement agricultural income, as also as tool to enhance agriculture and horticulture production.
  3. The Union Minister of Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare, Shri Narendra Singh Tomar has said the Government is promoting Beekeeping as part of its aim to double farmers’ income, as evident by the rising honey exports, beekeeping will be an important factor in achieving the goal of doubling farmers’ income by 2024.
  4. The Government has allocated Rs.500 crore towards Beekeeping under the Atma Nirbhar Abhiyan.
  5. India is among the world’s top five honey producers; compared to 2005-06 honey production has risen by 242% and exports shot by 265%.
  6. National Bee Board has created four modules to impart training as part of the National Beekeeping and Honey Mission (NBHM) and 30 lakh farmers have been trained in beekeeping.
  7. Issues before beekeepers such as promotion of scientific beekeeping, quality assurance, minimum support price, transport of bee colonies, processing, packaging, branding, testing, organic certification of honey and different beehive products were discussed.
  8. Successful beekeepers and entrepreneurs from Kashmir, West Bengal, Uttarakhand, Bihar, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand and Madhya Pradesh shared their experiences and suggested ways forward to bring about the Sweet Revolution.
  9. Apiculture is the scientific method of rearing honeybees. “ The word ‘apiculture’ comes from the Latin word ‘apis’ meaning bee.

 

UMANG MOBILE APP

  1. The UMANG mobile app (Unified Mobile Application for New-age Governance)  is a Government of India all-in-one single, unified, secure, multi-channel, multi-platform, multi-lingual, multi-service mobile app, powered by a robust back-end platform providing access to high impact services of various organizations (Central and State). 
  2. Prime Minister of India launched the UMANG App in 2017 to bring major government services on a single mobile app, with a larger goal to make the government accessible on the mobile phone of our citizens. 
  3. About 660 services from 127 departments & 25 states and about 180 utility bill payment services are live and more are in pipeline. 
  4. UMANG user base has crossed 2.1 Crore including Android, iOS, Web and KaiOS. 
  5. Citizens can also access their Digilocker from UMANG and give their feedback after availing any service through Rapid Assessment System (RAS) which has been integrated with UMANG.
  6. MeitY has taken various initiatives in recent past to ease of lives of citizens by facilitating online delivery of Government services. 
  7. To further enhance the initiatives of Digital India Programme, MeitY has brought the India Meteorological Department (IMD) services on the “UMANG App”.
  8. 7 Services of IMD : Current weather, Now Cast, City Forecast, Rainfall Information, Tourism Forecast, Warnings, Cyclone are available in UMANG App.

 

ELECTROCHEMICAL SENSING PLATFORM FOR DETECTING CARCINOGENIC & MUTAGENIC COMPOUND

  1. Institute of Advanced Study in Science and Technology (IASST), Guwahati, has developed an electrochemical sensing platform for detecting carcinogenic or mutagenic compound N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) and N-nitrosodiethanolamine (NDEA) sometimes found in food items like cured meat, bacon, some cheese, and low-fat milk. 
  2. It was achieved by developing a modified electrode by immobilizing carbon nanomaterials (carbon dots) in DNA.
  3. With changing food habits of urban Indians, people are exposed to harmful chemicals belonging to Nitrosamine family in cured meats, bacon, some cheese, low-fat dry milk, and fish. Such chemicals include carcinogenic ones like NDMA and NDEA, which may also alter the chemical composition of our DNA. Hence it is important to develop detection techniques to detect them.
  4. Most of the techniques used for detection of Nitrosamine have detection limits in μM. 
  5. In this study the scientists, have fabricated an electrochemical biosensor using DNA immobilized on the surface of carbon dots for sensitive and selective detection of N-nitrosamine, so the detection limit was determined to be 9.9×10−9 M and 9.6×10−9 M for NDMA and NDEA, respectively.
  6. The electrochemical biosensor platform was developed using the ability of NDMA and NDEA, to alter the DNA. Carbon dots (CDs), a carbon-based nanomaterial, was used, which is already established as a biocompatible and environmentally friendly material.
  7. As this is an electrochemical sensor, electrode was developed by depositing carbon dots (carbon nanoparticles) and then immobilizing bacterial DNA on them. This electrode system was used to measure the current peak. 
  8. Both NDMA and NDEA alters the chemical structure of DNA present in the electrode, making it more conducting, which ultimately results in the increased current peak.
  9. The scientists took advantage of the fact that out of the base pairs A, T, G, C, Guanine (G) is electrochemically active.
  10. The DNA adducts formed are electrochemically active, which ultimately leads to an increase in peak current in electrochemical set-up, helping in the detection of the chemicals.

 

TIGERS AND TOURISM

  1. The Dekho Apna Desh Webinar series was launched on 14th April 2020.
  2. The National e-Governance Division (NeGD) created by the Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology (MeitY) has been playing a pivotal role in supporting the Ministry in conducting of the DekhoApna Desh Webinars by providing technical assistance directly with a professional team .
  3. The Ministry of Tourism organised its latest webinar on ‘Tigers and Tourism’ under Dekho Apna Desh Webinar Series. 
  4. The webinar was all about unveiling the rich heritage of tiger habitation in India and its relevance with tourism in India.
  5. The intrinsic connection between human and tiger has been successfully seen through south western communities of India who represent their reverence for tigers by painting themselves in tiger stripes walking from temple to temple and village to village. 
  6. Huli Vesha or Pili Yesais a folk dance famous in coastal Karnataka performed during Navratri to honour the Goddess Durga whose favoured animal is the tiger.
  7. 70% of world’s tiger population is found in diverse habitats of India with about 15 species of big cats presently existing in 50 reserves spread across the country.
  8. Scientific name of tiger is Panthera tigris.
  9. There are 50 Tiger reserves in in India and 02 Tiger Reserves in Kerala.
  10. Periyar and Parambikulam are the tiger reserves from Kerala.

 

OBSTERIC FISTULA

  1. International Day to End Obstetric Fistula 2020 will be observed on 23 May under the theme “End gender inequality! End health inequities! End Fistula now!”
  2. Obstetric fistula is an injury that can occur during childbirth. It is a hole between the birth canal and the bladder or rectum caused by prolonged, obstructed labour without treatment.
  3. Obstetric fistula is preventable; it can largely be avoided by: 
  4. delaying the age of first pregnancy; (ii) the cessation of harmful traditional practices (iii) timely access to obstetric care.

 

KHUDOL

  1. The United Nations Secretary-General’s Envoy on Youth has listed Manipur’s ‘khudol’ (gift) among the top 10 global initiatives for an inclusive fight against the COVID-19 pandemic.
  2. Khudol is a crowdfunded initiative of Ya All, an Imphal-based NGO.
  3. The initiative entails ensuring food supplies and health services for the LGBTQI+ community, people living with HIV, daily-wage earners, children and adolescents.

 

PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES IN INDIA DURING COVID19

  1. A report on ‘status of persons with disabilities in India during the COVID-19 crisis’, was released by the National Centre for Promotion of Employment for Disabled People (NCPEDP). 
  2. Around 67% of them had no access to doorstep delivery of essentials, and only 22% confirmed that they have access to essentials.
  3. Around 48% had no access to a government helpline, and 63% had not received the financial assistance for persons with disabilities announced by the Finance Ministry.
  4. These and other similar issues could have been taken care of if the ‘Comprehensive Disability Inclusive Guidelines’ issued by the Central Government’s Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities (DEPwD) had been uniformly enforced across the country.

 

OPEN SKIES TREATY (OST)

  1. The U.S. has given notice that it will exit the Open Skies Treaty (OST), an agreement that allows countries to monitor signatories’ arms development by conducting surveillance flights over each other’s territories. 
  2. The idea behind the OST, first proposed in the early years of the Cold War by U.S. and was signed in 1992 after the collapse of Soviet Union.
  3. OST came into effect in 2002.
  4. Currently 34 states are party to the treaty while a 35th, Kyrgystan, has signed but not ratified it.
  5. OST allows its 34 signatories permits each state party to conduct short-notice, unarmed, reconnaissance flights over the others’ entire territories to collect the data on military forces and activates.
  6. The Open Skies Consultative Commission is the implementing body for the Treaty on Open Skies. It comprises representatives from each state party to the treaty and meets monthly at the Vienna headquarters of the Organization for Security and Co-Operation in Europe.

 

MAKE IN INDIA IN DEFENCE

    1. Ministry of Defence has approved procurement of 26 defence items only from local suppliers to boost Make in India. The government has issued Public Procurement (Preference to Make in India) Order 2017 to encourage Make in India and to promote manufacturing and production of goods and services in India.
    2. Under this order, Department of Defence Production (DDP) has so far notified 127 items where purchase preference is given to local suppliers. In order to further encourage procurement from local suppliers, 26 items out of 127 already notified, have now been notified under the related clause of the Public Procurement (Preference to Make in India) Order.
    3. Therefore, procuring entities shall procure these items only from local suppliers, irrespective of purchase value, provided that the local suppliers meet the Minimum Local Content (MLC) as prescribed for each item.

 

DIRECT FACTS:

  1. Foundation day of Daman and Diu Union Territory – May 23 (1987)
  2. International Day to End Obstetric Fistula 2020 is observed on 23 May
  3. A report on ‘status of persons with disabilities in India during the COVID-19 crisis’, was released by the National Centre for Promotion of Employment for Disabled People (NCPEDP). 
  4. Dr Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Health and Family Welfare, India, has been elected as Chairman of the Executive Board of World Health Organization for the year 2020-21. This took place today during the 147th session of the Executive Board.
  5. Subhash Chandran’s ‘Samudrasila’ has been selected as the best novel for Padmarajan award 2019 for novel instituted by Padmarajan Memorial Trust.

The award carries a cash prize of Rs 20,000, sculpture and a citation.

  1. ‘Nee’ by Sara Joseph was selected as the best short story.
  2. Best director Madhu C Narayanan for the film Kumbalangi Nights.

 

TODAY IN HISTORY

  1. Lord Wellesley, Governor General of India, issued a permanent provision for the Delhi Mughal Emperor – 23 May 1805
  2. The U.K. Cabinet today took the historic step of agreeing to Lord Mountbatten’s proposal for the partition of India into two states, one Muslim and the other Hindu. The Viceroy is to have a series of talks with Lord Listowel, the Secretary for India – 23 May 1947
  3. Bachendri Pal, an employee of Tata Iron and Steel Co. Limited at Jamshedpur, conquers the summit of Mount Everest to become the first Indian woman and the fifth women in the world to achieve this feat – 23 May 1984