Daily Prelims Facts – 25th March 2020

Daily Prelims Facts – 25th March 2020

Daily Prelims Facts – 25th March 2020





  1. Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI) issued a circular granting one-time dispensation for utilizing funds under the Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS) to address the challenges in the fight against COVID-19.
  2. This will facilitate Members of Parliament to recommend funds for purchase of equipments for Government Hospitals / Dispensaries for medical testing and screening of patients and also facilitate in setting up other related facilities in their respective constituencies.
  3. As per the amendments to MPLADS Guidelines, Members of Parliament can now utilize funds under MPLADS for the following:-
  • Infra-Red thermometers (Non-contact)
  • Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) Kits to keep the medical personnel well-protected
  • Thermal imaging scanners or cameras for railway stations, airports
  • CORONA testing kits approved by M/o Health and Family Welfare
  • ICU Ventilator and Isolation/ Quarantine Wards within their approved facilities.
  • Face masks, gloves and Sanitizers for medical personnel.
  • Any other medical equipment recommended by Ministry of Health and Family Welfare for prevention, control and treatment of COVID-19.
  1. MPLADS was launched by the government on 23rd December 1993.
  2. In usual scenario this scheme focuses on the areas of national priorities such as drinking water, education, public health, sanitation, roads, etc
  3. It is a government funded scheme where they provide 5 crore to each constituencies of MPs .
  4. The fund of this scheme is transferred to District administrator on the basis of reccomendation of MPs from Parliament (elected/nominated).





  1. Indian Ports are broadly classified as Major Ports and Non-Major Ports. 
  2. The Major Ports are under the Union List while the Non Major Ports are under the Concurrent List of the Constitution of India. 
  3. Hence,Major Ports are under the administrative control of Government of India while the Non-major ports are governed by the respective Maritime State Governments.
  4. Major Ports are defined in Section 3(8) of the Indian Ports Act 1908 to mean any port which the Central Government may by notification in the Official Gazette declare, or may under any law for the time being in force have declared, to be a major port.
  5. India has 13 major ports. These are Kolkata (including Dock Complex at Haldia), , Visakhapatnam, Chennai, V.O. Chidambaranar (Tuticorin), Cochin, New Mangalore, Mormugao, Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT), Mumbai, Kandla, Port Blair and Ennore. Of these, Ennore Port Ltd is a company and the remaining 11 are Port Trusts, governed by the provisions of the Major Ports Trust Act 1963.
  6. The total 200 major and non-major ports are present in the following States:- Maharashtra (53); Gujarat (40); Tamil Nadu (15); Karnataka (10) and others (82).
  7. Government of India plans to modernise these ports and has approved a project called Sagarmala.




  1. To support unorganized construction workers who sustain their livelihood on daily wages, an advisory  has been issued today by Union Minister of State, I/C, Labour and Employment to all Chief Ministers/ LGs of all the States/UTs.
  2. In the advisory,under Section 60 of the Building  and Other Construction Workers Act, 1996 all State Governments/UTs have been advised  to transfer funds in the account of construction workers through Direct Benefit Transfer(DBT) mode from the Cess fund collected by the Labour Welfare Boards under the Building and Other Construction workers Welfare (BOCW) cess Act.
  3. The Building and Other Construction Workers (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act, 1996 provides safety, health and welfare measures for the building and other construction workers. 
  4. For the purposes of the above said Act, a cess is levied and collected at the rate of 1% of the cost of construction by the State Governments under the Building and Other Construction Workers’ Welfare Cess Act, 1996. 
  5. The States, through their respective State Building and Other Construction Workers Welfare Boards, constituted under BOCW Act, utilize the cess fund in terms of Section 22 of BOCW Act, 1996.
  6. The Welfare Schemes funded from BOCW welfare cess fund are exclusively for the building and other construction workers. Diversion of the cess fund for welfare of other category of workers is not permissible under the BOCW (RECS) Act, 1996.
  7. Utilization of Cess Fund under Section 22 of the Building and Other Construction Workers (RECS) Act, 1996 Act and the registration of building and other construction workers as beneficiary under section 12 of the said Act is done by the State Building and Other Construction Workers Welfare Boards.


  • The Invest India Business Immunity Platform


  1. Invest India, India’s national Investment Promotion & Facilitation Agency, under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry has launched The Invest India Business Immunity Platform.
  2. The platform, hosted on the Invest India website, is designed as a comprehensive resource to help businesses and investors get real-time updates on India’s active response to COVID-19 (Coronavirus).
  3. This dynamic and constantly updating platform keeps a regular track on developments with respect to the virus, provides latest information on various central and state government initiatives, gives access to special provisions, and answers and resolves queries through emails and on WhatsApp.
  4. The Business Immunity Platform (BIP) is the active platform for business issue redressal, operating 24/7, with a team of dedicated sector experts and responding to queries at the earliest.
  5. The platform also includes frequently asked questions on important aspects like locations of COVID-19 testing, special permissions and other location-specific information.
  6.  Invest India has also announced a partnership with SIDBI (Small Industries Development Bank of India) for responding and resolving queries for MSMEs.



  • In Tamil Nadu, a new district is going to be formed after bifurcating the Nagappattinam district. The new district will be headquartered at Mayiladuthurai, in the heart of the Delta region.It would be the 38th district in the state.