Daily Prelims Facts – 27th May 2020

Daily Prelims Facts – 27th May 2020

PRELIMINARY

AROGYA SETU MADE OPEN SOURCE

  1. Aarogya Setu mobile App is launched by India for helping augment the efforts of limiting the spread of COVID19, with an objective of enabling Bluetooth based contact tracing, mapping of likely hotspots and dissemination of relevant information about COVID19.
  2. Presently with 114 million users, this App has more than any other Contact Tracing App in the world and is available in 12 languages and on Android, iOS and KaiOS platforms.
  3. Setu have been transparency, privacy and security and in line with India’s policy on Open Source Software, the source code of Aarogya Setu has now been made open source.
  4. Open sourcing an app’s code means the government will publish it on a public code repository. 
  5. With the release of the source code in the public domain, Government is looking to expand collaboration and to leverage the expertise of top technical brains and also to collectively build a robust and secure technology solution to help support the work of frontline health workers in fighting this pandemic together.
  6. Opening the source code to the developer community signifies our continuing commitment to the principles of transparency and collaboration. Aarogya Setu’s development has been a remarkable example of collaboration between Government, Industry and Academia and citizens.
  7. The term Open source refers to something people can modify and share because its design is publicly accessible.
  8. The term “open source” was coined by Christine Peterson to describe free software & Richard Stallman is considered as the father of Open Source Software.

 

CHAR DHAM PARIYOJANA

  1. Union Minister for Road Transport & Highways and MSMEs Shri Nitin Gadkari today inaugurated the breakthrough event of Chamba Tunnel under Chardham Pariyojana through video conference mode.
  2. Border Roads Organisation (BRO) achieved this major milestone by digging up a 440 m long Tunnel below the busy Chamba town on Rishikesh-Dharasu road Highway (NH 94).
  3.  Latest Austrian technology has been used in its construction.
  4. Char Dham Expressway National Highway is a proposed two-lane (in each direction) express National Highway with a minimum width of 10 metres in the state of Uttarakhand. 
  5. The proposed highway will complement the under development Char Dham Railway by connecting the four holy places in Uttarakhand states includes Badrinath, Kedarnath, Champawat, Pithorgarh, Gangotri and Yamunotri
  6. Under prestigious Chardham Project costing around Rs 12,000 Crore with approximate length of 889 Km, BRO is constructing 250 Km of National Highways leading to holy shrine Gangotri and Badrinath. 
  7. Majority of the works are progressing ahead of schedule and BRO is slated to complete four projects by October this year.

 

FAITH TRIAL

  1. With the number of COVID-19 patients rising in India, Glenmark Pharmaceuticals Ltd. will conduct ‘FAITH’ trials to test combined efficacy of two antiviral drugs, Favipiravir and Umifenovir,as potential COVID-19 treatment strategy. 
  2. The two antiviral drugs have different mechanisms of action, and their combination may demonstrate improved treatment efficacy by effectively tackling high viral loads in patients during early stages of the disease.
  3. The new combination clinical trial will be called FAITH – (FA vipiravir plus Um I fenovir (efficacy and safety) Trial in Indian Hospital setting).
  4. As many as 158 hospitalised patients of moderate COVID-19 infection will be enrolled in the combination study and randomised in two groups.

 

NUMBER – 18 – FLYING BULLETS

  1. The Indian Air Force is set to operationalize its squadron called the Number-18 – Flying Bullets with a fleet of the Light Combat Aircraft, LCA Tejas at its Sulur base near Coimbatore.
  2. It will be the second Indian Air Force squadron to operate with the modern multi-role light fighter aircraft.
  3. A release from the Defence Ministry says the No.18 Squadron was formed in 1965 and has the distinction of being the first to land and operate from Srinagar. 
  4. It has also produced a Param Veer Chakra awardee during the 1971 war with Pakistan. It has been revived on the 1st April this year at the Sulur base.
  5. The LCA Tejas is a tailless, fourth generation, compound delta-wing aircraft developed by the Hindustan Aeronautics Limited. It is equipped with fly-by-wire flight control system, integrated digital avionics and multi-mode radar. Its structure is made of composite material. The supersonic combat aircraft is considered the lightest and the smallest of its kind.

 

KHEER BHAWANI MELA

  1. In the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir, the Annual Kheer Bhawani Mela on 30th May this year in Tulmulla village of Ganderbal district has been cancelled by the Dharmarth Trust of Jammu and Kashmir because of outbreak of Coronavirus pandemic. 
  2. The devotees have been asked to cooperate with the authorities and perform the worship of the Goddess at their homes only.
  3. The decision has been made in view of the prevailing unprecedented circumstances following the outbreak of coronavirus pandemic. 
  4. However, the holy rituals and Aarti of the Deity will be conducted as per the tradition which will be shared with the devotees via social media.
  5. Annual Kheer Bhawani Mela at Tulmulla Ganderbal which falls on the auspicious day of “Zeshta Ashtami” witnesses lakhs of hindu pilgrims from across the country largely the Kashmiri Pandit Community, who throng the famous Ragyna Devi Temple in Tulmulla Ganderbal popularly known as “Mata Kheer Bhawani”, to seek the blessings of the Goddess.
  6. Kheer Bhawani Mela is one of the biggest religious functions of Kashmiri Pandit Community. 
  7. It is believed and rather has been seen that the colour of the water in the spring around the Kheer  Bhawani Temple changes its colour with the change in the circumstances of the Kashmir valley.

 

DIRECT FACTS:

  1. The proposed Sikkim University a Central University is to be established at Yangyang. 

Yangang is a small town in South Sikkim district of the Indian state of Sikkim.

  1. In July, China will launch its first Mars mission, the ‘Tianwen-1’, which is expected to land on the Red Planet’s surface in the first quarter of 2021.
  2. Life Mission is a massive housing campaign to build houses for families without land or housing and will also rehabilitate alllandless and homeless. Emphasis will be on financial empowerment and providing means of livelihood.
  3. Sulur Air Force Station is an air base of the Indian Air Force located at Sulur near Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu. It is a former Royal Navy and Indian Navy base.

 

TODAY IN HISTORY

  1. Nana Sahib was captured at Kanpur – 27 May 1857
  2. Kandukuri Veeresalingam, father of modern Telgu language, author and social reformer, passed away – 27 May 1919
  3. Jayaprakash Narayan, Labour Research Cell, arrested after Dandi March – 27 May 1930
  4. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was arrested during Salt Movement – 27 May 1930
  5. India’s major cities are seething with unrest following the arrest of Mahatma Gandhi and thousands of his followers in the campaign of civil disobedience against British rule. Civil unrest in Bombay, where at least six were killed and sixty injured – 27 May 1930
  6. The use of Hindi language in addition to English language and of Devnagri form of numerals in addition to the international form of Indian numerals was authorised for warrants of appointments of Governors of State, Judges of the Supreme Court and Judges of the High Court – 27 May 1952
  7. Gulzarilal Nanda was entrusted the responsibility as Acting Prime Minster of India. He held this office till June 9, 1964. He is till date the only Acting Prime Minster of India – 27 May 1964
  8. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, first Prime Minister and architect of modern India, passed away at the age of 74 – 27 May 1964
  9. Second Jawaharlal Nehru award for International Understanding given to Reverend Martin Luther King posthumously – 27 May 1968
  10. Justice J.S. Verma of the Supreme Court appointed to probe into Rajiv Gandhi murder case – 27 May 1991
  11. National Centre for Labour launched in Bangalore to give a boost to the unorganised worker’s movement in India – 27 May 1995