Daily KAS Reading Material – INTERNATIONAL DAY FOR BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY

Daily KAS Reading Material – INTERNATIONAL DAY FOR BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY

INTERNATIONAL DAY FOR BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY

Why in News?

The UN has celebrated the International Day for Biological Diversity on 22 May 2020 amid the COVID-19 pandemic.

About International Day for Biological Diversity

International Day for Biological Diversity is observed on 22 May to create as well as enhance understanding and awareness of biodiversity issues. It aims at raising awareness about the unprecedented environmental crisis that the world is facing and how to protect the biodiversity on earth. It falls within the scope of the UN Post-2015 Development Agenda’s Sustainable Development Goals.

According to Convention on Biological Diversity, World Biodiversity Day was started at the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in 1993. In December 2000, the UNGA adopted 22 May as International Day for Biological Diversity to commemorate the adoption of the text of the Convention on 22 May, 1992. Since 2001, it is celebrated every year. 

What is Biodiversity?

Biodiversity means the life on Earth which constitutes a variety of living organisms. It includes both flora and fauna. 

Ecosystems like deserts, forests, wetlands, mountains, lakes, rivers are also a part of biodiversity which allows living organisms to form a community and live together. The biodiversity we have today was formed through billions of years of evolution. 

International Day for Biological Diversity 2020

The theme for the year 2020 is  “Our solutions are in nature” which emphasizes hope, solidarity and the importance of working together at all levels to build a future of life in harmony with nature. The UN recognises that despite all technological advancements, humanity is completely dependent on a healthy and vibrant ecosystem for water, food, medicines and other essentials. The theme stresses on hope, solidarity and the importance of working together at all levels to build a future that is in harmony with nature.

This year’s celebration is special as it will be the first ever online-only campaign increasing awareness during a pandemic.