Why in News?
The 2020 Summer Olympic Games, scheduled to open in Tokyo on July 24th, have been postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The Tokyo Olympics and Paralympics will be held by the summer of 2021.
About Olympic Games
The modern Olympics are leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions. The Olympic Games are held every four years, alternating between the Summer Games and Winter Games every two years in the four year period. The first modern Games were held at Athens in 1896.
International Olympic Committee
The International Olympic Committee is a non-governmental sports organisation based in Lausanne, Switzerland. It is the authority responsible for organising the modern Summer and Winter Olympic Games. The IOC is the governing body of the National Olympic Committees (NOCs), which are the national constituents of the worldwide Olympic Movement.
Paralympics (Paralympic Games)
The Paralympic Games or Paralympics are a periodic series of international multi-sport events involving athletes with a range of disabilities. The Paralympic Games are organized in parallel with the Olympic Games and are held almost immediately following the respective Olympic Games. All Paralympic Games are governed by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC).
About 2020 Summer Olympics
- The 2020 Summer Olympics, officially the Games of the XXXII Olympiad is commonly known as Tokyo 2020.
- Tokyo was selected as the host city during the 125th IOC Session in Buenos Aires, Argentina on 7 September 2013.
- The 2020 Summer Games were originally scheduled to take place from July 24 to August 9 at the Tokyo Metropolitan Region, Japan.
- The city will be the fourth city in history to host the Games twice, being the first in Asia to have this title.
- Amids the concerns about the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, IOC and the Tokyo Organizing Committee announced the 2020 games to be delayed to 2021.
Cancellation of Olympic Games in the History
- The scheduled Summer Olympics of the year 1916 were cancelled following the onset of World War I.
- Due to World War II, the Games of 1940 (due to be held in Tokyo and temporarily relocated to Helsinki upon the outbreak of war) were cancelled.
- The Games of 1944 were due to be held in London but were also cancelled; instead, London hosted the first games after the end of the war, in 1948.
- The 2020 Summer Olympic Games, scheduled to open in Tokyo on July 24th, have been postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic, marking the first time where an Olympic Game was postponed.