Daily Prelims Facts – 1st August 2020

Daily Prelims Facts – 1st August 2020

Daily Prelims Facts – 1st August 2020

PRELIMINARY

MyGov

  • ‘AatmaNirbhar Bharat Logo Design Contest’ to be conducted by MyGov to Encourage the Spirit of Innovation & Self-Reliance.
  • MyGov is a citizen engagement platform founded by the Government of India to promote the active participation of Indian citizens in their country’s governance and development. 
  • It is aimed at creating a common platform for Indian citizens to “crowdsource governance ideas from citizens”. 
  • Its users discuss and contribute to various government projects and plans. It also allows users to upload documents in various formats.
  • The website is hosted and managed by the National Informatics Centre (NIC). 
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi stated that the aim was to reduce the long gap developed between the electorate and the Executive after being elected.
  • It is a platform that serves as a medium for the people, especially the youth, to connect with the Government actively and facilitates their engagement towards the nation’s development.
  • The platform empowers people to contribute towards good governance through various tasks and discussions.

 

GRAMODYOG VIKAS YOJANA

  • Ministry of Micro Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME), Government of India, approved a programme for the benefit of artisans involved in manufacturing of Agarbatti and to develop village industry under ‘Gramodyog Vikas Yojana’. 
  • As per the programme, initially four Pilot Projects will be started, including one in North Eastern part of the country. 
  • Each targeted cluster of artisans will be supported with about 50 Automatic Agarbatti making machines and 10 Mixing machines.Accordingly, a total of 200 Automatic Agarbatti making machines and 40 Mixing machines will be provided to the artisans.
  • Govt of India recently  i) placed the ‘Agarbatti’ item from “Free” trade to “Restricted” trade in the import policy and ii) enhanced the import duty from 10% to 25% on ‘round bamboo sticks’ used for manufacturing of Agarbatti.
  • Under this Mission, Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC), one of the statutory organizations, working under the M/o MSME,will provide  training, and assistartisans working in this area, with Agarbatti manufacturing machines. KVIC will tie up with Khadi institutions / Agarbatti manufacturers in the country, having good track record, to provide work and raw material to ‘Agarbatti making artisans’.

 

MUSLIM WOMEN RIGHTS DAY

  • 1st August is a day which made Muslim women free from social evil of Triple Talaq; 1st August has been recorded in the country’s history as “Muslim Women Rights Day.
  • Triple Talaq Bill was passed in the Lok Sabha on 25th July 2019 and passed by the Rajya Sabha on 30th July 2019.
  •  The bill was assented to by the President, Ram Nath Kovind, on 31 July 2019.
  • Triple Talaq bill makes any such act of divorce a legal offence and makes it void and illegal. 
  • The act further states that any man whosoever practices Triple Talaq mode of divorce shall be punished with an imprisonment of three years or fine or both. 
  • The offence is non-bailable and entitles the married woman to take custody of her minor children.
  • One year has passed since the law against Triple Talaq was passed and there is a decline of about 82 per cent in Triple Talaq cases thereafter.
  • Egypt was the first Muslim nation which abolished this social evil in 1929. 
  • Sudan in 1929, Pakistan in 1956, Bangladesh in 1972, Iraq in 1959, Syria in 1953, Malaysia in 1969 had abolished the practice of Triple Talaq. 
  • Besides, countries such as Cyprus, Jordan, Algeria, Iran, Brunei, Morocco, Qatar, UAE also ended this social evil many years ago.

 

VAHAN PORTAL

  • The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has informed that full integration of National Electronic Toll Collection (NETC) with VAHAN portal has been achieved. The VAHAN system is now getting all information on FASTags through VIN/VRN. 
  • Ministry of Road Transport & Highways has set up a central depository called Vahan to store data relating to all vehicles.
  • Vahan’ is the National vehicle registry, which intends to collate all the information available with road transport authorities for easy access by both citizens and regulators.
  • Vahan allows access to all details related to vehicles such as registration number, chassis/engine number, body/fuel type, colour, manufacturer and model and provides various online services to citizens.

 

NOTIFICATION TO AMEND RULE – 93

  • The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has published a notification to amend Rule-93 relating to dimensions of motor vehicles under the Central Motor Vehicle Rules 1989.
  • These amendments would provide for standardization in the dimensions of the Motor Vehicles which would be in line with international UNECE standards.
  • It is a step by the Ministry to improve the logistics efficiency in the country as the enhanced dimensions would provide for extra passengers or extra carrying capacity within the prescribed weight.
  • The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) was set up in 1947 by United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). It is one of five regional commissions of the United Nations and it includes 56 member States in Europe, North America and Asia.It is Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.

 

DIRECT FACTS:

  • Mahatma Gandhi Setu is a bridge over the river – Ganga

State – Bihar

Connecting – Patna in the south to Hajipur in the north

Length – 5,750 metres

Third-longest river bridge in India

  • Current president of FIFA – Gianni Infantino
  • Andhra Pradesh Governor – Biswa Bhushan Harichandan
  • Legislative capital of Andhra Pradesh – Amaravati
  • Executive Capital of Andhra Pradesh – Vishakapattanam
  • Judicial Capital of Andhra Pradesh – Kurnool

 

TODAY IN HISTORY

  1. The East India Company and the English law was for the first time intorduced in India. It was set up as directed by the Court of Judicature – 1 AUGUST 1672
  2. Horse drawn tram cars were closed down in Bombay. This service was started on May 9, 1874 with 20 tram cars and 200 horses – 1 AUGUST 1905
  3. Mrs. Annie Besant in cooperation with Bal Gangadhar Tilak started the Home Rule League Movement with Dadabhai Naoroji as its President – 1 AUGUST 1916
  4. Bipin Chandra Pal opposed to the Non Co-operation Movement and retired from politics, but movement was approved by Congress – 1 AUGUST 1920
  5. Under the leadership of Gandhi, the non-cooperation movement was launched against Lord Chelmsford – 1 AUGUST 1920
  6. Bal Gangadhar Tilak, British-Indian Hindu leader, died at Bombay – 1 AUGUST 1920
  7. Gandhiji addresses letter to Viceroy surrendering “Kaisar-E-Hind” Medal, “Zulu War” Medal and “Boer War” Medal and launched the All India Non-Violent Non-Coperation Movement – 1 AUGUST 1920
  8. Partition of India into India and Pakistan. Power transferred. Lord Mountbatten becomes Governor General of India and Muhammed Ali Jinnah, Governor General of Pakistan – 1 AUGUST 1947
  9. Nationalised Airways at Safdarjung, New Delhi inaugurated by Nehru – 1 AUGUST 1952
  10. All Private Airlines were nationalised by establishing of All Airlines India International – 14 AUGUST 1953
  11. Ramon Magsaysay Award for community leadership given to Acharya Bhave – 1 august 1958
  12. The Railway passenger insurance scheme comes into force – 14 august 1994
  13. Viswanathan Anand wins the Credit Suisse Masters chess tournament in Beil – 1 august 1997
  14. The Lok Sabha adopts Uttar Pradesh State Reorganisation Bill paving the way for the creation of Uttaranchal the 27th State – 1 AUGUST 2000