Daily Prelims Facts – 24th March 2020

Daily Prelims Facts – 24th March 2020

Daily Prelims Facts – 24th March 2020

PRELIMINARY

 

WORLD TUBERCULOSIS DAY

  1. World Tuberculosis Day is being observed on 24th March.
  2. The date 24th March is to commemorate the anniversary of Dr. Robert Koch’s discovery of the Tuberculosis (TB) bacteria in 1882.
  3. Government of India has committed to eliminate prevalence of TB by 2025, with commensurate resources to rapidly reduce TB incidence prevalence and mortality in India
  4. Ministry of Health & Family Welfare implements the National Strategic Plan (NSP) for Tuberculosis Elimination (2017-2025).
  5. “TB Harega Desh Jeetega Campaign” ensures that this campaign becomes truly a people’s movement”.

 

NATIONAL SUPERCOMPUTING MISSION

  1. The mission was set up to provide the country with supercomputing infrastructure to meet the increasing computational demands of academia, researchers, MSMEs, and startups by creating the capability design, manufacturing, of supercomputers indigenously in India.
  2. It attempt to boost the country’s computing power, the National Super Computing Mission is steered jointly by the Ministry of Electronics and IT (MeitY) and Department of Science and Technology (DST) and implemented by the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC), Pune and the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bengaluru.
  3. The target of the mission was set to establish a network of supercomputers ranging from a few Tera Flops (TF) to Hundreds of Tera Flops (TF) and three systems with greater than or equal to 3 Peta Flops (PF) in academic and research institutions of National importance across the country by 2022
  4. This network of Supercomputers envisaging a total of 15-20 PF was approved in 2015 and was later revised to a total of 45 PF (45000 TFs), a jump of 6 times more compute power within the same cost and capable of solving large and complex computational problems.
  5. First supercomputer assembled indigenously, called Param Shivay, was installed in IIT Banaras Hindu University (BHU) and was inaugurated by the Prime Minister. Similar systems Param Shakti and Param Brahma were installed at IIT-Kharagpur and IISER, Pune. They are equipped with applications from domains like Weather and Climate, Computational Fluid Dynamics, Bioinformatics, and Material science.
  6. Spreading out the reach to the North-East region of the country, 8 systems with a total Compute Power of 16 PF are being commissioned.
  7. One midlevel 650 TFs system is also to be installed at C-DAC Bengaluru to provide consultancy to Start-ups, SSIs & MSMEs.

 

SECTION 188 OF IPC

  1. The lock down order was issued to curb the spread of the Corona Virus have been framed under the Epidemic Disease Act 1897, which lays down the punishment as per Section 188 of Indian Penal Code, 1860.
  2. According to Section 188 of IPC, disobedience committed against the orders promulgated by the public servant is an offence.
  3. The term of punishment in the cases of IPC Section 188 differs on the basis of the gravity of the offence committed.

 

SHAHEEDI DIWAS

  1. 23rd March is been observed as Shaheedi Diwas to pay tribute to Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru.
  2. They were hanged to death by the British rulers in Lahore jail. The arrest of the three in the Lahore conspiracy case, subsequent hanging and cremation in Sutlej River.
  3. On December 17, 1927, Bhagat Singh and Shivaram Rajguru shot and killed assistant superintendent of police John Saunders.They were supported in this act by their compatriots Sukhdev Thapar and Chandrashekhar Azad.
  4. Tribunal declared Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar and Shivaram Rajguru as convicts in the Saunders murder.

 

Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya

  1. 23rd March is the Birth Anniversary of Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya, who was the eminent activist in the Indian Independence movement and a Socialist political leader.
  2. He worked with the Congress Radio which was broadcast secretly from various places in Bombay until 1942.
  3. Lohia was one of the founders of the Congress Socialist Party and editor of its mouthpiece Congress Socialist.
  4. Lohia became one of the leading figures of the Central Directorate which clandestinely tried to organise the Quit India revolt, sparked by Gandhi in August 1942.
  5. Famous books by him include, Marx, Gandhi and Socialism; The Caste System; India, China, and Northern Frontiers.